The success of cinematographic works that captivate audiences comes not only from excellent acting but also from the success of creative and impressive script ideas. Currently in the world of cinema there are countless different types of scripts, each with its own unique features and bringing diverse experiences to the audience. Let's explore with Viewfinder Media popular script types and some secrets to writing an impressive script in the hearts of the audience through the article below.
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1. What is the script?
Script is also known by the term Scripting. This is a written record of a story or drama. They are used to guide actors and production teams in creating a work of art such as a film, television show, or play. This is an important document that helps shape the plot, characters, situations and developments of the story.
What is scripting?
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2. Types of scenarios
With the increasingly diverse world of art and cinema, script support is indispensable. It will help create perfect works that bring great experiences to the audience. The following are some popular types of scripts today.
2.1. Short film script
Sample scripts for short films typically range in length from 5 to 30 minutes. Nowadays, short film scripts are gradually becoming a popular choice. Especially for young screenwriters just entering the film world.
Short film script
When writing a short film script, you only have about 15 pages to convey your ideas. This type of movie cannot be too long and without focus. However, it cannot be shortened so much that it cannot express the content of the work. Therefore, choosing the form that represents the content and layout of the short film script is extremely important.
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2.2. Drama script
Television script is a genre of film produced and broadcast on television systems. Television films are produced with their own film standards. It will follow different frame formats based on each country's television system. Drama scripts include a collection of many small scripts that are closely linked together. From there, a series of continuous episodes will be created around one main theme.
Sometimes, the film has been aired to the public but the ending to the script has not yet been finalized and is subject to revision. This allows the screenwriter to monitor and respond to the audience's feedback and desires. At the same time, it is also flexible to create better next developments to create audience expectations.
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2.3. Movie script
These types of scripts for movie are extremely popular today. They are produced to make movies shown in theaters or released as DVDs. The movie script will be limited to a fixed period of time, usually from 90 to 120 minutes. Script ideas can come from the screenwriter's creativity. It may also be inspired by another writer's works of fiction or short stories.
2.4. Documentary film script
A documentary script is a types of scripts similar to a memoir. Script ideas inspired by or based on real life stories. Screenwriters when creating documentaries have the task of conveying diverse aspects of life into images on screen while still maintaining its aesthetics and emotions.
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2.5. Advertising film script
Advertising film script are one of the shortest types of scripts today. They are usually less than 1 minute long and are broadcast repeatedly on television channels. The purpose of this script idea is to carry out communication campaigns for a specific product.
Advertising film scripts often have a quick structure and succinct language. This is the perfect combination of music, words and images. This helps attract the audience's attention quickly as well as convey advertising messages effectively and subtly.
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2.6. Animated movie script
Cartoons are created by rapidly displaying a sequence of different still images to create movement and shape changes. These images will be displayed for a very short moment, usually 24, 25, 30 or 60 frames per second.
Animated movie script
The first and most important step when creating an animated film is to have a script idea for a story. These ideas will help form the plot - the deciding factor in the success or failure of the film. Therefore, taking the time to refine and perfect is very important.
2.7. Television program script
A television program script is a detailed text document that records the dialogue for a television program. These types of scripts help shape the content as well as direct the actors, scenes, cinematographers, and other elements to deliver a great experience for the audience.
TV show script
TV show scripts require a lot of flexibility. This is to increase the ability to adapt appropriately in many cases but still maintain the motif set by the manufacturer. Script ideas also often add a few climax and transformation elements to be as realistic as possible to create trust for the audience.
2.8. Event script
With the trend of increasingly investing in event programs, types of scripts for event also need to be more elaborate than ever. It can be said that event scripting is one of the most difficult genres. The reason comes from the fact that in real events, no one can guarantee that everything will happen exactly as written in the script.
Therefore, screenwriters need to be able to predict possible situations and be willing to change their script. They also need to prepare a series of alternative plans and make timely adjustments when unexpected bad situations occur.
2.9. Drama script
Currently, audio musical theaters are having difficulty finding excellent and quality audio drama types of scripts. A play script is a written document used by actors in performing stage plays. Drama scripts are often as brief as movie scripts.
This is a delicate blend between the plot and the actors' expressions. They will be performed live on the stages of major theaters in front of large audiences. From there, the audience will have the opportunity to directly experience the most genuine emotions without the support of any modern filming technology.
3. 3 elements needed in the script
What are the 3 elements needed when building a scenario? When building the layout of a movie script, there are three basic and indispensable elements to create effects for the story as well as attract the public's attention. Each element plays an extremely important role in creating compelling plot content and evoking emotions for the audience.
3.1. Scripting language
In works of art, character images will be built through script language. Scripting language is a unique character system that represents each character's behavior. It plays an important role in outlining the characteristics and personality of each character. Characters in works of art are often developed through dialogue combined with some text - descriptive language. Script language also needs to ensure the climax of the plot and the connection between character lines.
The scripting language is the leading element in the script
The dialogue in the script should be realistic and close to everyday life. Besides, it is also necessary to limit vulgar words. Instead, script language should be appropriate, coherent, and able to convey deep philosophical meanings to the audience.
Contrast and conflict are also considered important factors in the process of building script ideas. Conflict is considered the main driving force promoting the development of actions and leading to conflicts. It also directly affects the structure, rhythm and content of the work. If types of scripts lack conflict elements, the work will lose important characteristics of the literary genre.
Conflict is an indispensable element to build a perfect scenario
Conflict elements can exist in many different forms. They include: conflicts between characters, conflicts between character choices and actions, conflicts between elements in the story world, or conflicts between values, etc. Screenwriters can create or choose conflicts from existing conflicts in society. Thereby promoting the climax of the plot as well as ensuring the authenticity of the script.
3.3. Action in the scenario
People reveal their nature and personality through everyday actions. Therefore, action in these types of scripts is used as a way to form and characterize the characters. Action is expressed through gestures, movements, words and many other factors such as conflicts between characters,...
Action in the scenario
4. Rules in scenario building
To build an attractive and professional script, some important rules should be followed. Some rules in scenario building include:
4.1. Prioritize writing concisely
Brevity needs to be ensured when writing a script. When the story content is too long and has too many unnecessary elements, the audience's focus will be scattered. This causes a loss of appeal and charisma of the story as well as a waste of film production costs.
Conciseness should be prioritized when writing scripts
4.2. Stick to reality
Screenplay is considered a new world where screenwriters can freely imagine and create with countless ideas and inspirations. However, in the process of creating scripts, screenwriters may get caught up in the vortex of imagination and forget about realistic elements. This has a huge impact on logic leading to holes or incoherence in the plot. Therefore, creating script ideas linked to reality is very important to maintain audience appeal and engagement.
Do not ignore practical factors when building scenarios
4.3. Tell stories with images
You should also use specific images to build a character's story when building all kinds of scripts. By using strong and specific images, the plot can be visualized more clearly and vividly. Conveying stories through images helps bring authenticity as well as create impressive moments for the audience.
Tell stories with images when building script
4.4. Select old details
Using old details in your work can be an effective way to attract the audience's attention. Old details in the work can create connections and remind the audience of memories or familiar moments in the past. This can cause curiosity and excitement to help the audience enjoy the movie and find its connection and meaning.
Selecting old details is an effective way to write scripts
4.5. Tell stories with emotions
Content is the top factor for audiences to evaluate the quality of a film work. Therefore, to be able to control and create emotions for the audience, screenwriters need to use emotional storytelling and focus on meaningful value when building script ideas.
Telling stories with emotions is a good way to make an impression on the audience.
Emotional storytelling can strongly promote audience empathy and interaction. By using language subtly, the screenwriter can stimulate the audience's spiritual emotions. This helps create a strong connection between the work and the viewer.
4.6. Take advantage of the moments
Cinematic works usually only have a certain duration. Sometimes that small amount of time is not enough for the film to fully express the values the author wants to mention. Therefore, to be able to touch the audience's emotions, the script needs to take advantage of special moments to leave a deep impression in the audience's hearts.
Don't forget to take advantage of special moments to make an impression on your audience.
5. Things you need to know when planning a script
Depending on each genre as well as the requirements of each film producer, scripts will have their own notes.
- Characters in animated film scripts are often fictional. The character designs will be inspired by puppets, dolls, animals, etc., giving them life and characteristics similar to humans.
- Animated movie scripts often build funny and adorable storylines. This is to spread joy, helping viewers relax instead of focusing on real life.
Some notes when planning a script you need to know
Feature film script:
- The content of a feature film script needs to ensure drama in the conflict of the story.
- There needs to be a clear plot about the relationships between the characters.
- There should be a few climactic scenes to create a deep emotional state for the characters and the audience.
- Build conflict and climax situations logically.
- The script needs to focus on key details in each scene.
- Documentary scripts will focus on truthfully reflecting aspects of life and people, with an emphasis on social phenomena. The plot and characters are based on real events.
- Documentary scripts have two main types: literary scripts and storyboards.
- In the documentary script there are no fictional characters, no acting or suggestions for drama.
The above article has provided you with some necessary information related to types of scripts as well as some rules for building scenarios. If you want to understand more deeply about the process and method of building professional scripts, do not hesitate to contact Viewfinder Media to receive the most enthusiastic support.
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